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An overview of lactic acid bacteria.


Lactic acid bacteria are a general term for bacteria that can produce large amounts of lactic acid from fermentable carbohydrates. These bacteria are widely distributed in nature and are rich in species diversity. Any bacterium that produces lactic acid from the fermentation of glucose or lactose is collectively referred to as lactic acid bacteria.

 

Lactic acid bacteria are concepts given from the mechanism of producing lactic acid from fermented sugar, and lactic acid bacteria which are beneficial to human life include: Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Streptococcus, Leuconostoc, and the like.